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Kings Worthy Primary School


English has a leading place in education and society.  A high-quality education in English will teach pupils to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. The overarching aim for English in the National Curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment.

The National Curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Read easily, fluently with good understanding
  • Develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • Appreciate our rich and varied heritage
  • Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of context, purposes and audiences
  • Use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • Are competent in the art of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate


To ensure that children become competent readers, Kings Worthy Primary School uses ‘Read Write Inc’ to structure its teaching of phonics. The children are taught daily phonics lessons which begin on entry to the school in Foundation Stage. These lessons are organised so that children are introduced to the sound that letters of the alphabet make whilst also learning high frequency ‘red’ tricky words e.g. was.  Notes from the Phonics workshop give more information about the teaching of phonics and ideas to support your child at home.

This phonic learning continues as the children transition into Year 1 and become confident in using the ‘Complex Speed Sound Chart’. The use of this resource underpins phonetical knowledge and helps children make independent choices about words structures and spelling patterns.

To ensure that children are progressing in their reading, adults in school assess the children at specific points throughout the year or when a child’s class teacher feels that a child is ready to move up a coloured reading book band. We use a range of reading schemes to help develop and scaffold children’s reading ability.

Alongside developing their confidence in phonics, children are exposed to a range of questions which promote and explore their understanding of what they have read. These questions allow the children to explore, comprehend and discuss what they have read. These questions are divided up into three different sections.

  • Looking questions - literal retrieval
  • Clue questions - seeking inference from the text
  • Thinking questions - evaluative/opinion questions, often linked to experience of the wider world.

The school also runs a wide range of interventions to enable children who are not yet meeting age-related expectations to catch up and keep up with their year group expectations. At Kings Worthy, children across the school are given the opportunity to embed and learn new reading through guided reading sessions, shared reading, reading for enjoyment and other reading activities.

Children have a free choice of books from our school library where a wide range of texts and genres are promoted.